(two varieties Interior and Coastal)
- Older trees have long, branch free trunks. Crowns are short,
cylindrical and have a flattened top.
- Grows to heights of 85 metres on the Coast and 42 metres in
- Smooth grey brown. When young, bark has gummy resin filled
blisters. Bark grows very thick with age and deeply grooved
with dark reddish brown ridges.
Region - Grows along Southern Mainland Coast and across Vancouver
Island, except for the northern tip. Interior Douglas Fir grows
throughout Southern British Columbia and north to Takla Lake.
Uses - This wood has been valued since the 18th Century when
the first Europeans exported lumber. Douglas Fir yields an exceptionally
hard and durable wood. It uses include heavy duty construction,
wharves, trestles, bridge parts and commercial building.
Uses - Aboriginals, of British Columbia, used the wood and boughs
as fuel for pit cooking, fishing hooks and handles. Boughs were
sometimes used for covering the floors of lodges.